Medline ® Abstract for Reference 86
of 'Sepsis syndromes in adults: Epidemiology, definitions, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and prognosis'
Late mortality after sepsis: propensity matched cohort study.
Prescott HC, Osterholzer JJ, Langa KM, Angus DC, Iwashyna TJ
BMJ. 2016;353:i2375. Epub 2016 May 17.
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether late mortality after sepsis is driven predominantly by pre-existing comorbid disease or is the result of sepsis itself.
DEIGN: Observational cohort study.
SETTING: US Health and Retirement Study.
PARTICIPANTS: 960 patients aged≥65 (1998-2010) with fee-for-service Medicare coverage who were admitted to hospital with sepsis. Patients were matched to 777 adults not currently in hospital, 788 patients admitted with non-sepsis infection, and 504 patients admitted with acute sterile inflammatory conditions.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Late (31 days to two years) mortality and odds of death at various intervals.
RESULTS: Sepsis was associated with a 22.1% (95% confidence interval 17.5% to 26.7%) absolute increase in late mortality relative to adults not in hospital, a 10.4% (5.4% to 15.4%) absolute increase relative to patients admitted with non-sepsis infection, and a 16.2% (10.2% to 22.2%) absolute increase relative to patients admitted with sterile inflammatory conditions (P<0.001 for each comparison). Mortality remained higher for at least two years relative to adults not in hospital.
CONCLUSIONS: More than one in five patients who survives sepsis has a late death not explained by health status before sepsis.
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA VA Center for Clinical Management Research, Health Services Research and DevelopmentCenter of Innovation, Ann Arbor, MI, USA Pulmonary Section, Medical Service, Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.