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Selecting antiretroviral regimens for the treatment-naïve HIV-infected patient

Authors
John G Bartlett, MD
Paul E Sax, MD
Section Editor
Martin S Hirsch, MD
Deputy Editor
Jennifer Mitty, MD, MPH

INTRODUCTION

The treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection involves the use of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART). Use of these multidrug regimens substantially reduces progression to AIDS, opportunistic infections, hospitalizations, and death. Drug selection could potentially include 25 antiretroviral medications available in six major classes; however, only a small proportion of these agents are recommended for initial therapy.

This topic will address the approach to choosing an initial ART regimen for treatment-naïve patients with HIV-1. The treatment of patients with HIV-2 and the treatment of HIV-infected woman during pregnancy are discussed elsewhere. (See "Treatment of HIV-2 infection" and "Antiretroviral and intrapartum management of pregnant HIV-infected women and their infants in resource-rich settings".)

Other topics relevant to the treatment of individuals with HIV include:

(See "When to initiate antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected patients".)

(See "Considerations prior to initiating antiretroviral therapy".)

                            

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Literature review current through: Nov 2016. | This topic last updated: Thu Sep 29 00:00:00 GMT 2016.
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