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Screening tests in children and adolescents

Author
Nancy R Kelly, MD, MPH
Section Editor
Jan E Drutz, MD
Deputy Editor
Mary M Torchia, MD

INTRODUCTION

The schedule of and recommendations for common screening tests in children in the United States will be reviewed here. The specific diseases and conditions are discussed separately. (See appropriate topic reviews).

OVERVIEW

General principles — Screening is defined as testing for disease in an individual or population that appears to be healthy [1]. The goal of screening is to identify children who are at increased risk of disease and warrant additional testing.

The following characteristics of a disease render it a good candidate for screening [1]:

Substantial morbidity or mortality occurs if the disease is untreated

The prevalence warrants testing in an apparently healthy population

                             

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Literature review current through: Nov 2016. | This topic last updated: Tue Oct 04 00:00:00 GMT+00:00 2016.
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