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Related articles

Risk factors for preterm labor and delivery

INTRODUCTION

There are many risk factors for preterm labor and delivery (table 1). Some are reversible, others are permanent. Identification of risk factors for spontaneous preterm birth (PTB) before conception or early in pregnancy ideally would lead to interventions that could help prevent this complication. However, this goal has been elusive for several reasons:

The causality of purported risk factors has been difficult to prove. Some obstetrical complications resulting in PTB require cofactors to exert their effect, further complicating the chain of causality

Many PTBs occur among women with no risk factors at all

An adequate animal model for study of PTB does not exist.

Risk factors for preterm labor and delivery will be reviewed here. Pathogenesis, prediction, treatment, and prevention of preterm labor and delivery are discussed separately:

                                        

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Literature review current through: Jul 2014. | This topic last updated: May 1, 2014.
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