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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 13

of 'Rheumatic and bone disorders associated with acromegaly'

Determinants of clinical outcome and survival in acromegaly.
Rajasoorya C, Holdaway IM, Wrightson P, Scott DJ, Ibbertson HK
Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 1994;41(1):95.
OBJECTIVE: The extent to which treatment modifies the excess in morbidity and mortality in acromegaly remains uncertain. This study investigates the determinants of final outcome following therapy for acromegaly.
DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of patients treated at the Departments of Endocrinology and Neurosurgery, Auckland Hospital, New Zealand.
PATIENTS: One hundred and fifty-one patients (63 females and 88 males) with acromegaly or gigantism treated between the years 1964 and 1989. The mean duration of follow-up was 12 years (median 11 years).
MEASUREMENTS: Patients had their age, estimated duration of symptoms preceding diagnosis, serum GH at diagnosis, presence of diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, hypertension and/or osteoarthritis at diagnosis and the last known serum GH documented. The final outcome at the time of study was graded under three classes: dead (n = 32), those with major complications (n = 47) and those with minor/no complications (n = 67).
RESULTS: The mean age at diagnosis of acromegaly was 41 years and the average estimated duration of symptoms prior to diagnosis was 7 years, with older patients showing longer duration of symptoms preceding diagnosis (P = 0.0002). Final outcome (dead, alive with major complications, alive and well) was significantly worse in those with older age at diagnosis (P = 0.008), longer duration of symptoms before diagnosis (P = 0.03) and higher GH at last follow-up (P = 0.0001). In multivariate analysis, survival was significantly influenced by the last known GH (P = 0.0001), presence of hypertension (P = 0.02) or cardiac disease (P = 0.03) at diagnosis, and duration of symptoms prior to diagnosis (P = 0.04). Survival in the acromegalic group, irrespective of treatment, was reduced by an average of 10 years compared with the non-acromegalic population.
CONCLUSIONS: Acromegaly has a significant adverse effect on well-being and survival. The predominant determinant of outcome is the final serum GH level following treatment.
Department of Endocrinology, Auckland Hospital, New Zealand.