Walters AS, Hickey K, Maltzman J, Verrico T, Joseph D, Hening W, Wilson V, Chokroverty S
After verifying the diagnosis of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in 105 patients who are part of a nationwide support group, we undertook a telephone survey of their symptomatology. We then compared the answers with those of 33 of our own RLS patients who had undergone a neurologic examination and had a periodic limb movement in sleep (PLMS) index of>5 (number per hours of sleep). Although RLS has generally been considered to be a condition of middle to older age, the results for the support group, and for our patients, are similar in that more than a third of the patients in each group experienced their first symptoms before the age of 10. Initial lack of diagnosis or misdiagnosis by a physician were common and the symptoms were commonly thought to be psychogenic whatever the age of onset. In some cases, young age-onset RLS was severe from the start. For younger age-onset patients whose symptoms were severe enough to seek immediate medical attention, confounding or misdiagnosis included "growing pains" and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. However, medical attention was generally not sought until the fourth decade. Most respondents stated that this was because their symptoms were mild at onset and then progressed. In the older age-onset patients, misdiagnoses also included skin irritation, arthritis, and malingering. A total remission of symptomsof a month or more was present in at least 15% of the individuals in all groups surveyed. More than 50% of the respondents know of one or more first-degree relatives affected by RLS. Five of our 33 patients had RLS initially triggered either by diabetic peripheral neuropathy or lumbosacral radiculopathy.
Department of Neurology CN 19, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick 08903-0019, USA.