Contributor disclosures

Jean-Luc Malo, MD

Nothing to disclose

Moira Chan-Yeung, MD

Nothing to disclose

Catherine Lemière, MD

Nothing to disclose

Peter J Barnes, DM, DSc, FRCP, FRS

Grant/Research/Clinical Trial Support: AstraZeneca [Asthma, COPD (Budesonide and formoterol)]; GSK [Asthma, COPD (Fluticasone and salmeterol, fluticasone, furoate, vilanterol)]; Pfizer [COPD (Tiotropium)]; Novartis [COPD (Indacaterol)]; Boehringer [COPD (Tiotropium)]; Chiesi [Asthma, COPD (Formoterol and beclometasone)]; Takeda [COPD (Roflumilast)]; Sun Pharma [Asthma (Preclinical)]. Speaker's Bureau: AstraZeneca [Asthma (Budesonide and formoterol)]; Pfizer [COPD (Tiotropium)]; Novartis [COPD (Indacaterol)]; Boehring [COPD (Tiotropium)]; Chiesi [Asthma (Formoterol and beclometasone)]; Takeda [COPD (Roflumilast)]. Consultant/Advisory Boards: AstraZeneca [Asthma (Preclinical)]; GSK [Asthma (Preclinical)]; Pfizer [COPD (Preclinical)]; Novartis [COPD (Preclinical)]; Boehringer [COPD (Preclinical)]; Chiesi [COPD (Preclinical)]; Teva [COPD (Preclinical)]; Glenmark [COPD (Preclinical)]; Sun Pharma [COPD (Preclinical)]; Prosonix [COPD (Preclinical)]; Daiichi-Sankyo [COPD (Preclinical)].

Helen Hollingsworth, MD

Employee of UpToDate, Inc.

Conflict of interest policy

The material and recommendations in UpToDate represent the best judgment of the authors based on their evaluation of the literature. What studies they select to discuss and their analysis of them are necessarily subjective. Bias may be extremely difficult to detect because these articles may contain no primary data to speak for themselves. For this reason, we make full disclosure to our readers of potential conflicts of interests and may elect, at the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief, not to publish material written by an author with a conflict in a controversial therapeutic area. This policy is not intended to suggest or condone bias in any presentation but is used to provide our subscribers with information that might be of potential importance to their evaluation of the material. Deputy Editors may not accept funds from "educational" arms of health industry organizations (such as speaker's bureaus).

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This policy last reviewed on June 11, 2012.