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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 201

of 'Rare complications of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)'

201
TI
Methemoglobinemia caused by topical benzocaine.
AU
Guerriero SE
SO
Pharmacotherapy. 1997;17(5):1038.
 
Benzocaine-induced methemoglobinemia is a rare but life-threatening event. The use of topical benzocaine spray in a 77-year-old woman during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatogram produced marked cyanosis and methemoglobin levels consistent with methemoglobinemia. Immediate recognition and prompt treatment of the disorder are essential to decrease morbidity and mortality.
AD
Department of Pharmacy, Cleveland Clinic Hospital, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida 33308, USA.
PMID