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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 2

of 'Rare complications of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)'

Uncommon and rarely reported adverse events of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography.
Chavalitdhamrong D, Donepudi S, Pu L, Draganov PV
Dig Endosc. 2014 Jan;26(1):15-22. Epub 2013 Sep 30.
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has become a primary tool for the treatment of biliary and pancreatic ductal diseases. It is essential for the endoscopist carrying out the ERCP to have a thorough understanding of the potential adverse events. Typically, endoscopists are well familiar with common adverse events such as post-ERCP pancreatitis, cholangitis, post-sphincterotomy bleeding, post-sphincterotomy perforation, and sedation-related cardiopulmonary compromises. However, there are other less common adverse events that arecritical to promptly recognize in order to provide appropriate therapy and prevent disastrous outcomes. This review focuses on the presentation and management of the less common and rare adverse events of an ERCP from the perspective of the practicing endoscopist.
Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA.