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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 26

of 'Radiation therapy techniques for newly diagnosed, non-metastatic breast cancer'

Multi-institutional experience using the MammoSite radiation therapy system in the treatment of early-stage breast cancer: 2-year results.
Cuttino LW, Keisch M, Jenrette JM, Dragun AE, Prestidge BR, Quiet CA, Vicini FA, Rescigno J, Wazer DE, Kaufman SA, Ramakrishnan VR, Patel R, Arthur DW
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2008;71(1):107.
PURPOSE: To present a retrospective multi-institutional experience of patients treated with the MammoSite radiation therapy system (RTS).
METHODS AND MATERIALS: Nine institutions participated in a pooled analysis of data evaluating the clinical experience of the MammoSite RTS for delivering accelerated partial breast irradiation. Between 2000 and 2004, 483 patients were treated with the MammoSite RTS to 34 Gy delivered in 10 fractions. Treatment parameters were analyzed to identify factors affecting outcome.
RESULTS: Median follow-up was 24 months (minimum of 1 year). Overall, infection was documented in 9% of patients, but the rate was only 4.8% if the catheter was placed after lumpectomy. Six patients (1.2%) experienced an in-breast failure; four failures occurred remote from the lumpectomy site (elsewhere failure). Cosmetic results were good/excellent in 91% of patients. Treatment parameters identified as significant on univariate analysis weretested in multivariate regression analysis. The closed-cavity placement technique significantly reduced the risk of infection (p = 0.0267). A skin spacing of<6 mm increased the risk of severe acute skin reaction (p = 0.0178) and telangiectasia (p = 0.0280). The use of prophylactic antibiotics reduced the risk of severe acute skin reaction (p<0.0001). The use of multiple dwell positions reduced the risk of severe hyperpigmentation (p = 0.0278). Infection was associated with an increased risk of fair or poor overall cosmesis (p = 0.0009).
CONCLUSIONS: In this series of patients, the MammoSite RTS seems to have acceptable toxicity rates and cosmetic outcomes, comparable to those with whole-breast radiotherapy. On the basis of these data, the closed-cavity placement technique, use of prophylactic antibiotics, use of multiple dwell positions, and a minimum skin spacing of 6 mm seem to improve patient outcome.
Virginia Commonwealth University, Medical College of Virginia Campus, Richmond, VA 23298-0058, USA. lcuttino@mcvh-vcu.edu