Psychotherapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder in adults
- Jonathan Abramowitz, PhD
Jonathan Abramowitz, PhD
- Professor of Psychology
- University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by recurrent, intrusive, and distressing thoughts, images, or impulses (ie, obsessions) and repetitive mental or behavioral acts that the individual feels driven to perform (ie, compulsions) to prevent or reduce distress.
Treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), serotonin–norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), clomipramine, and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) have been shown to be efficacious in the treatment of OCD. CBT is a set of techniques that are used to help people with psychological disorders modify maladaptive patterns of thinking and acting to alleviate emotional symptoms. Components of CBT for OCD include :
●Cognitive therapy techniques
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- COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY
- Theoretical foundation
- - Proposed mechanisms of CBT
- - Treatment planning and psychoeducation
- - Exposure and response prevention
- - Cognitive therapy
- - Assessing treatment outcome
- - Frequency and duration
- - Predictors of improvement
- - Comparing medication and CBT
- - Combining medication and CBT
- OTHER PSYCHOTHERAPIES
- SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS