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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 100

of 'Psychosocial issues in advanced illness'

Palliative care for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: current perspectives.
Choudhuri AH
Indian J Palliat Care. 2012 Jan;18(1):6-11.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic respiratory illness with a myriad of disabling symptoms and a decline in the functional parameters that affect the quality of life. The mortality and morbidity associated with severe COPD is high and the patients are mostly housebound and in need of continuous care and support. The uncertain nature of its prognosis makes the commencement of palliative care and discussion of end-of-life issues difficult even in the advanced stage of the disease. This is often compounded by inadequate communication and counseling with patients and their relatives. The areas that may improve the quality of care include the management of dyspnea, oxygen therapy, nutritional support, antianxiety, and antidepressant treatment, and advance care planning. Hence, it is necessary to pursue a holistic care approach for palliative care services along with disease-specific medical management in all such patients to improve the quality of life in end-stage COPD.
Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, GB Pant Hospital, New Delhi, India.