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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 14

of 'Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections of the eye, ear, urinary tract, gastrointestinal tract, and central nervous system'

The use of piperacillin-tazobactam coated tympanostomy tubes against ciprofloxacin-resistant Pseudomonas biofilm formation: an in vitro study.
Jang CH, Park H, Cho YB, Choi CH, Park IY
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2009;73(2):295. Epub 2008 Dec 17.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Bacterial biofilm formation has been implicated in the high rate of persistent otorrhea after tympanostomy tube insertion. It has been suggested that the tube material may be an important factor in the development of otorrhea. Recently we reported the presence of ciprofloxacin-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPA) biofilms on infected tympanostomy tubes following the use of intractable post-tympanostomy tubes and the onset of otorrhea. In this study, we have evaluated the resistance of piperacillin-tazobactam coated with chitosan on a tympanostomy tube to prevent CRPA biofilm formation in vitro.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three sets each of piperacillin-tazobactam coated silicone tubes (n=5), commercial silver-oxide coated silicone tubes (Activent, Silic) (n=5) and control uncoated tympanostomy tubes (Paparella type 1) (n=5) were processed for evaluation. The piperacillin-tazobactam coated tympanostomy tubes were compared with the silver-oxide coated tubes and the uncoated control tubes for resistance to CRPA biofilm formation after in vitro incubation.
RESULTS: Scanning electron microscopy showed that the surface of the silver-oxide coated tube (Activent) formed a thick biofilm with crusts as well as an uncoated tube. In contrast, the surface of a piperacillin-tazobactam coated tympanostomy tube showed virtually no CRPA biofilm formation.
CONCLUSION: The piperacillin-tazobactam coated tympanostomy tube showed resistance to CRPA biofilm formation. The piperacillin-tazobactam coating may be useful to reduce CRPA biofilm formation; however, further in vivo studies are necessary.
Department of Otolaryngology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, South Korea. chulsavio@hanmail.net