Medline ® Abstract for Reference 69
of 'Prognostic and predictive factors in early, nonmetastatic breast cancer'
Prognostic value of the type I growth factor receptors in a large series of human primary breast cancers quantified with a real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assay.
Pawlowski V, Révillion F, Hebbar M, Hornez L, Peyrat JP
Clin Cancer Res. 2000;6(11):4217.
We measured the expression of the type I growth factor receptor gene family [epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), c-erbB-2, c-erbB-3 and c-erbB-4]in a series of 365 unselected primary breast cancers. The expression was quantified with a real-time one-step reverse transcriptase-PCR (RT-PCR) assay, based upon the 5' nuclease activity of the Taq polymerase and using an Abi Prism 7700 Sequence Detector System (Perkin-Elmer, Courtaboeuf, France). c-erbB-3 and c-erbB-4 were positively correlated to each other (Spearman test) and negatively correlated to EGFR. EGFR and c-erbB-2 were inversely correlated to the presence of estradiol receptors (ER) and progesterone receptors (PgR), and positively correlated to the histoprognostic grading (HPG). Conversely, c-erbB-3 and c-erbB-4 were positively correlated to the presence of ER and PgR, and inversely correlated to the grading HPG. EGFR was inversely related (chi2 test) to the presence of ER and PgR, and positively associated with HPG. In contrast, both c-erbB-3 and c-erbB-4 were inversely related to HPG, and positively associated with the presence of ER and PgR. The expression level of EGFR and c-erbB-2 was significantly higher in ER- and PgR-negative tumors compared with ER- and PgR-positive tumors (Student's t test), and in tumors with higher grade compared with tumors with lower grade. The expression level of c-erbB-3 and c-erbB-4 was significantly higher in ER- and PgR-positive tumors compared with ER- and PgR-negative tumors and in tumors with lower grade compared with tumors with higher grade. In overall survival studies, Cox univariate analyses showed prognostic values of EGFR [>or = median; P = 0.026; risk ratio (RR), 1.6], c-erbB-3 (>or = median; P = 0.0093; RR, 0.58), c-erbB-4 (>or = median; P = 0.0024; RR, 0.52), HPG, node involvement, tumor diameter, ER, and PgR. In Cox multivariate analyses, tumor diameter, ER, and PgR had a prognostic value. In relapse-free survival studies, univariate analyses demonstrated prognostic values of tumor diameter, node involvement, and c-erbB-4 (P = 0.015; RR, 0.65). These three parameters maintained their prognostic value in multivariate analyses (c-erbB-4, P = 0.035; RR, 0.67). This study confirms that EGFR expression and c-erbB-2 expression are markers of tumor aggressiveness in breast cancer. Conversely, we demonstrate that c-erbB-3 and c-erbB-4 elevated expressions are associated with a better prognosis.
Laboratoire d'Oncologie Moléculaire Humaine, Centre Oscar Lambret, Lille, France.