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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 62

of 'Prognostic and predictive factors in early, nonmetastatic breast cancer'

DNA ploidy, S-phase, and steroid receptors in more than 127,000 breast cancer patients.
Wenger CR, Beardslee S, Owens MA, Pounds G, Oldaker T, Vendely P, Pandian MR, Harrington D, Clark GM, McGuire WL
Breast Cancer Res Treat. 1993;28(1):9.
Several potential prognostic factors are available today for patients with breast cancer, and many more are being identified and studied. To evaluate the clinical utility of these factors, it will be necessary to measure them on a large number of patients, and then follow these patients so that multivariate survival analyses can be performed. The Oncology Research Network was established in 1986 by the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio and Nichols Institute Reference Laboratories in order to evaluate the clinical utility of new prognostic factors for patients with primary breast cancer. The first generation of prognostic factors included steroid receptors, along with DNA ploidy and S-phase fraction determined by flow cytometry. Currently, laboratory results have been obtained from more than 127,000 patients, and follow-up information is available on a subset of more than 25,000 of these patients. S-phase fraction was related to the ploidy status of the tumor. An increased incidence of aneuploidy and higher S-phase fractions were found in estrogen and progesterone receptor negative tumors, tumors from patients with positive axillary lymph nodes, tumors greater than 2 cm in diameter, and patients younger than 35 years of age. Preliminary survival analyses suggest that S-phase fraction and DNA ploidy, incombination with other prognostic factors, are powerful predictors of early disease relapse. The Oncology Research Network provides an important resource for examining the clinical significance of new laboratory assays and for expediting improvements in existing laboratory techniques.
University of Texas Health Science Center, Department of Medicine/Medical Oncology, San Antonio 78284-7884.