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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 124

of 'Prognostic and predictive factors in early, nonmetastatic breast cancer'

The 70-gene prognosis signature predicts early metastasis in breast cancer patients between 55 and 70 years of age.
Mook S, Schmidt MK, Weigelt B, Kreike B, Eekhout I, van de Vijver MJ, Glas AM, Floore A, Rutgers EJ, van 't Veer LJ
Ann Oncol. 2010;21(4):717. Epub 2009 Oct 13.
BACKGROUND: The majority of breast cancer patients are postmenopausal women who are increasingly being offered adjuvant chemotherapy. Since the beneficial effect of chemotherapy in postmenopausal patients predominantly occurs in the first 5 years after diagnosis, a prognostic marker for early events can be of use for adjuvant treatment decision making. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of the 70-gene prognosis signature for early events in postmenopausal patients.
METHODS: Frozen tumor samples from 148 patients aged 55-70 years were selected (T1-2, N0) and classified by the 70-gene prognosis signature (MammaPrint) into good or poor prognosis. Eighteen percent received hormonal therapy.
RESULTS: Breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) at 5 years was 99% for the good-prognosis signature versus 80% for the poor-prognosis signature group (P = 0.036). The 70-gene prognosis signature was a significant and independent predictor of BCCS during the first 5 years of follow-up with an adjusted hazard ratio of14.4 (95% confidence interval 1.7-122.2; P = 0.01) at 5 years.
CONCLUSION: The 70-gene prognosis signature can accurately select postmenopausal patients at low risk of breast cancer-related death within 5 years of diagnosis and can be of clinical use in selecting postmenopausal women for adjuvant chemotherapy.
Department of Pathology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Plesmanlaan 121, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.