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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 14

of 'Principles of magnetic resonance imaging'

MR imaging artifacts and parallel imaging techniques with calibration scanning: a new twist on old problems.
Yanasak NE, Kelly MJ
Radiographics. 2014 Mar-Apr;34(2):532-48.
The application of parallel magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is increasing as clinicians continue to strive for improved spatial and temporal resolution, benefits that arise from the use of fewer phase encodings during imaging. To reconstruct images, extra information is needed to map the spatial sensitivity of each coil element, which may be accomplished by acquiring a calibration image in one common implementation of parallel MR imaging. Although obtaining a quick calibration image is an efficient method for gathering this information, corruption of the image or disharmony with subsequent images may lead to errors in reconstruction. Although conventional MR imaging sequences may be employed with parallel MR imaging, the altered image reconstruction introduces several new artifacts and changes the appearance of conventional artifacts. The altered appearance of traditional artifacts may obscure the source of the problem, and, in some cases, the severity of artifacts associated with parallel MR imaging may be exacerbated, hindering image interpretation. Several artifacts arise in the context of parallel MR imaging, including both traditional artifacts and those associated with parallel MR imaging.
From the Department of Radiology (N.E.Y.) and Core Imaging Facility for Small Animals (M.J.K.), Georgia Regents University, 1120 15th St, BA-1605, Augusta, GA 30904. Presented as an education exhibit at the 2012 RSNA Annual Meeting.