Medline ® Abstract for Reference 88
of 'Principles of cancer immunotherapy'
Stimulation of CD25(+)CD4(+) regulatory T cells through GITR breaks immunological self-tolerance.
Shimizu J, Yamazaki S, Takahashi T, Ishida Y, Sakaguchi S
Nat Immunol. 2002 Feb;3(2):135-42. Epub 2002 Jan 22.
CD25(+)CD4(+) regulatory T cells in normal animals are engaged in the maintenance of immunological self-tolerance. We show here that glucocorticoid-induced tumor necrosis factor receptor family-related gene (GITR, also known as TNFRSF18)--a member of the tumor necrosis factor-nerve growth factor (TNF-NGF) receptor gene superfamily--is predominantly expressed on CD25(+)CD4(+) T cells and on CD25(+)CD4(+)CD8(-) thymocytes in normal naïve mice. We found that stimulation of GITR abrogated CD25(+)CD4(+) T cell-mediated suppression. In addition, removal of GITR-expressing T cells or administration of a monoclonal antibody to GITR produced organ-specific autoimmune disease in otherwise normal mice. Thus, GITR plays a key role in dominant immunological self-tolerance maintained by CD25(+)CD4(+) regulatory T cells and could be a suitable molecular target for preventing or treating autoimmune disease.
Department of Immunopathology, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Tokyo 173-0015, Japan.