Medline ® Abstract for Reference 84
of 'Primary spontaneous pneumothorax in adults'
Thoracoscopic stapled resection for spontaneous pneumothorax.
Hazelrigg SR, Landreneau RJ, Mack M, Acuff T, Seifert PE, Auer JE, Magee M
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1993;105(3):389.
Video-assisted thoracoscopy has recently evolved as an alternative to thoracotomy for several thoracic disorders. Spontaneous pneumothorax may be ideally suited for thoracoscopic management. Stapling of apical blebs and pleurodesis or pleurectomy can now be performed thoracoscopically in a fashion identical to the standard operation done through a lateral or axillary thoracotomy. We compared our results with thoracoscopic management of spontaneous pneumothorax in 26 patients (group I) with a group of 20 patients previously subjected to axillary thoracotomy (group II). Indications for operation, sex distribution, and average age (group I, 32.3 years; group II, 33.7 years) were comparable. Hospital stay was less in group I (2.88 +/- 0.99 days versus 4.47 +/- 1.07 days; p = 0.07), as was the use of parenteral narcotics after 48 hours (2/26 = 7.7% versus 14/20 = 70%; p = 0.01). There have been no recurrences to date (mean follow-up, 8 months) in the thoracoscopic group. Video-assisted thoracoscopic management of spontaneous pneumothorax allows performance of the standard surgical procedure while avoiding the thoracotomy incision. Video-assisted thoracoscopic management is safe and offers the potential benefits of shorter hospital stays and less pain.
St. Luke's Medical Center, Milwaukee, Wis.