Medline ® Abstracts for References 7,8
of 'Primary spontaneous pneumothorax in adults'
Recurrence of primary spontaneous pneumothorax.
Sadikot RT, Greene T, Meadows K, Arnold AG
BACKGROUND: Primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) is a common clinical problem and its incidence is thought to be increasing. The risk of recurrence is high and various studies quote rates of 20-60%. Factors which may or may not predispose to recurrence have not yet been established.
METHODS: In a study period of four years 291 cases with a diagnosis of pneumothorax were reviewed; 153 patients with PSP were included in the study. Their risk of recurrence was analysed with particular reference to the following variables: age, sex, height and body mass index (BMI) of the patient, the initial size of pneumothorax, the smoking status of the patient, and the primary form of treatment employed. Univariate analysis was carried out by chi 2 testing and multivariate analysis was calculated by a logistic regression model.
RESULTS: A retrospective study of 275 episodes of PSP in 153 patients over a four year period confirmed a high incidence of recurrence (54.2%). PSP was twice as common in men as in women, though women were significantly more likely to develop a recurrence (chi 2 = 7.58, df = 1, p<0.01). Male height was the second most important factor, and smoking cessation the only other variable which significantly influenced the risk of recurrence.
CONCLUSIONS: Analysis of several potential risk factors revealed that recurrence was not related to the BMI of the patient, the initial treatment of the pneumothorax, nor to its size. Recurrence was more common in taller men and in women. Smoking cessation appeared to reduce the risk of recurrence. These findings are discussed in the context of the possible aetiology of spontaneous pneumothorax, recurrences, and the management thereof.
Castle Hill Hospital, North Humberside, UK.
Factors related to recurrence of spontaneous pneumothorax.
Guo Y, Xie C, Rodriguez RM, Light RW
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this retrospective study was to identify factors associated with recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) in southern China, and to compare the therapeutic effectiveness of different procedures.
METHODS: A total of 182 consecutive patients (89.0% male; mean age, 38.9 years), admitted with their first episode of pneumothorax, were reviewed retrospectively. Follow up was available in 138 patients (75.8%), including 68 treated by chemical pleurodesis and 70 by chest tube drainage alone. The cumulative recurrence rates with different therapeutic procedures and different chemical sclerosing agents were compared, and the factors that influenced the recurrence rate were analysed using Cox's proportional hazard model.
RESULTS: The most common pre-existing lung disease responsible for pneumothorax was COPD (69.7%), followed by tuberculosis (16.5%). Recurrence was significantly more common in taller patients, patients with lower weight, and patients with secondary spontaneous pneumothorax. The cumulative recurrence rates in the pleurodesis therapy group after 6 months, 1 and 3 years were 13, 16 and 27%, respectively, whereas in the chest tube drainage group the recurrence rates were 26, 33 and 50%, respectively (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the recurrence rate for those receiving tetracycline compared with those who received gentamicin.
CONCLUSIONS: Spontaneous pneumothorax patients who are taller, weigh less or have secondary spontaneous pneumothorax are more likely to have recurrences. The risk of recurrence is reduced in patients who undergo chemical pleurodesis. Since there was no significant difference between intrapleural tetracycline and gentamicin, gentamicin should be considered as a potential chemical sclerosing agent.
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.