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Preventive care in adults: Recommendations

H Nancy Sokol, MD
Section Editor
Joann G Elmore, MD, MPH
Deputy Editor
Judith A Melin, MA, MD, FACP


Quality health care for individuals includes two fundamental elements: appropriate treatment for current illness and appropriate preventive care to lessen future health decline.

This topic will summarize primary prevention and screening recommendations primarily targeting United States adults <65 years old. The recommendations are a compilation of those from individual UpToDate topics, in which the rational and evidence base for the recommendations are provided.

Recommendations for older adults, an approach to prioritizing and delivering preventive services, and basic epidemiologic principles of screening are discussed elsewhere. (See "Geriatric health maintenance" and "Preventive care in adults: Strategies for prioritization and delivery" and "Evidence-based approach to prevention".)

Preventive care in special populations and disease-specific screening recommendations are discussed in more detail in specific topic reviews. As examples:

Pregnant women (see "Prenatal care: Initial assessment" and "Prenatal care: Second and third trimesters")

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Literature review current through: Dec 2017. | This topic last updated: Nov 26, 2017.
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