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Prevention of neurologic complications of cardiac surgery

Michael L McGarvey, MD
Albert T Cheung, MD
Mark M Stecker, MD, PhD
Section Editors
Gabriel S Aldea, MD
Michael J Aminoff, MD, DSc
Jonathan B Mark, MD
Deputy Editor
Nancy A Nussmeier, MD, FAHA


Neurologic complications are second only to heart failure as a cause of morbidity and mortality following cardiac surgery, and the presence of neurologic sequelae significantly increases the likelihood of requiring long-term care.

Most neurologic problems following cardiac surgery can be divided into three categories (table 1):


Neuropsychiatric abnormalities or encephalopathy

Peripheral neuropathies


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Literature review current through: Jul 2017. | This topic last updated: Jun 18, 2013.
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