Medline ® Abstract for Reference 13
of 'Prevention and treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in adults'
A randomised, double-blind comparison of granisetron with high-dose metoclopramide, dexamethasone and diphenhydramine for cisplatin-induced emesis. An NCI Canada Clinical Trials Group Phase III Trial.
Warr D, Wilan A, Venner P, Pater J, Kaizer L, Laberge F, Latreille J, Stewart D, O'Connell G, Osoba D
Eur J Cancer. 1992;29A(1):33.
151 patients (149 evaluable) receiving their first course of chemotherapy containing cisplatin in a dose of at least 50 mg/m2 were randomised to receive either a single dose of intravenous granisetron 80 micrograms/kg or intravenous metoclopramide 2 mg/kg every 2 h for five doses plus a single dose of dexamethasone 10 mg and diphenhydramine. After 24 h, there was no significant difference between groups with respect to nausea or vomiting: in the granisetron group 46% of patients had no emesis, versus 44% of the standard group. Granisetron is an antiemetic agent with efficacy similar to that of high-dose metoclopramide plus dexamethasone.
Department of Medicine, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.