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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 55

of 'Prevention and management of side effects in patients receiving opioids for chronic pain'

Pharmacologic treatment of opioid-induced sedation in chronic pain.
Reissig JE, Rybarczyk AM
Ann Pharmacother. 2005;39(4):727.
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature for pharmacologic management of opioid-induced sedation (OIS) in patients with chronic pain.
DATA SOURCES: A search of MEDLINE (1966-October 2004) for English-language literature and selected bibliographies was completed. Search terms included pain, opioid, sedation, psychostimulants, amphetamines, modafinil, and donepezil.
DATA SYNTHESIS: Amphetamines and amphetamine-like agents, caffeine, donepezil, and modafinil have been evaluated for OIS. Available literature is limited by numbers of subjects, duration, and trial design; however, there is limited support for the use of methylphenidate, donepezil, and modafinil.
CONCLUSIONS: Pharmacologic treatment of OIS should be utilized selectively, given the available literature. Methylphenidate, donepezil, and modafinil may be considered in appropriate patients.
Pain Management, Akron General Medical Center, Akron, OH 44398-7191, USA. jreissig@agmc.org