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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 63

of 'Prevalence of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations and associated cancer risks'

Predictive factors for BRCA1/BRCA2 mutations in women with ductal carcinoma in situ.
Bayraktar S, Elsayegh N, Gutierrez Barrera AM, Lin H, Kuerer H, Tasbas T, Muse KI, Ready K, Litton J, Meric-Bernstam F, Hortobagyi GN, Albarracin CT, Arun B
Cancer. 2012 Mar;118(6):1515-22. Epub 2011 Aug 25.
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether women with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), like their counterparts with invasive breast cancer, warrant genetic risk assessment and testing on the basis of high-risk variables. The authors of this report identified predictive factors for mutations in the breast cancer-susceptibility genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 in women who were diagnosed with DCIS.
METHODS: One hundred eighteen women with DCIS who were referred for genetic counseling and underwent genetic testing for BRCA1/BRCA2 mutations between 2003 and 2010 were included in the study. Logistic regression models were fit to determine the associations between potential predictive factors and BRCA status.
RESULTS: Of 118 high-risk women with DCIS, 27% (n = 32) tested positive for BRCA1/BRCA2 mutations. Of those, 10% (n = 12) and 17% (n = 20) had BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations, respectively. Age, race, and tumor characteristics did not differ between BRCA noncarriers and carriers. In a multivariate logistic model,≥2 relatives with ovarian cancer (OC) (odds ratio [OR], 8.81; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.38-56.29; P = .034), and a score≥10% according to the BRCAPRO mathematical model for calculating the probability that a particular family member carries a germline BRCA mutation (OR, 6.37; 95% CI, 2.23-18.22; P = .0005) remained as independent significant predictors for a BRCA mutation. Fifty-seven percent of mutation carriers but only 25% of noncarriers underwent prophylactic mastectomy(P = .0037). This difference remained significant for patients aged≤40 years (P = .025).
CONCLUSIONS: Women who had DCIS and a family history of OC or who had BRCAPRO scores≥10% had a high rate of BRCA positivity regardless of age at diagnosis. These findings suggest that high-risk patients with DCIS are appropriate candidates for genetic testing for BRCA mutations in the presence of predictive factors even if they do not have invasive breast cancer.
Division of Cancer Medicine, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA.