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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 62

of 'Prevalence of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations and associated cancer risks'

62
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BRCA mutations in women with ductal carcinoma in situ.
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Smith KL, Adank M, Kauff N, Lafaro K, Boyd J, Lee JB, Hudis C, Offit K, Robson M
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Clin Cancer Res. 2007;13(14):4306.
 
PURPOSE: The strength of the association between ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and BRCA mutations has not been defined.
EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Mutation frequency was compared in three groups: (1) a prevalent series of women with DCIS, (2) an incident series of women with DCIS, and (3) a clinic-based series of women with DCIS referred for hereditary cancer risk assessment. In groups 1 and 2, limited to Ashkenazi Jewish (AJ) cases, mutation frequency was compared with that in age-matched AJ controls with invasive breast cancer (IBC).
RESULTS: In group 1, 3 of 62 (4.8%) women with DCIS and 15 of 130 (11.5%) controls with IBC had BRCA mutations. In group 2, 0 of 58 (0%) women with DCIS and 6 of 116 (5.2%) controls with IBC had BRCA mutations [combined odds ratios (OR) in groups 1 and 2: 3.64, 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.06-12.46; P=0.04]. In group 3, deleterious mutations were identified in 10 of 79 (12.7%) probands with DCIS, similar to the frequency in IBC probands. In group 3, mutations were associated with family history of ovarian cancer (OR, 13.35; 95% CI, 2.48-71.94; P=0.003) or early onset breast cancer (OR, 16.23; 95% CI, 1.68-157.01; P=0.02) but not with AJ ethnicity or age at diagnosis.
CONCLUSIONS: BRCA mutations were less frequent in women with DCIS not selected for family history or age at diagnosis than in women with IBC. Nonetheless, mutations were found in a significant proportion of women with DCIS who presented for hereditary risk assessment.
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Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021, USA.
PMID