Medline ® Abstract for Reference 35
of 'Predictors of coronary artery reocclusion following fibrinolysis (thrombolysis)'
Coronary angioscopic findings in the infarct-related vessel within 1 month of acute myocardial infarction: natural history and the effect of thrombolysis.
Van Belle E, Lablanche JM, Bauters C, Renaud N, McFadden EP, Bertrand ME
BACKGROUND: Limited angioscopic information is available on the natural history of infarct-related plaque after myocardial infarction (MI), in particular the effect of thrombolysis.
METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied with angioscopy the morphological characteristics of the infarct-related lesion in 56 patients between 24 hours and 4 weeks after MI. Forty of these patients were initially treated with a thrombolytic agent. Most lesions were complex (complex + ulcerated shape = 54%). The predominant color of the plaque was yellow in 79% of cases; only 6% were uniformly white. Angioscopically visible thrombus was found in 77% of cases. Despite angioscopic evidence of instability, only 7% of the patients had post-MI angina. During the 1-month time window since the occurrence of MI, there was no significant difference in the angioscopic appearance of the plaque except for a slight increase in uniformly white plaques (P=.07). The use of a thrombolytic agent at the onset of MI was associated with a reduction in thrombus size and less protruding thrombi (P=.02) but not with a decreased frequency of plaque containing thrombi. Furthermore, a trend for more frequently ulcerated plaques (45% versus 16%, P=.06) was associated with the use of a thrombolytic agent.
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that healing of the infarct-related lesion requires more than 1 month and that an "unstable" yellow plaque with adherent thrombus is common during that period. This finding may partly explain the unique behavior of recent infarct-related lesions, which are more prone to occlude than other lesions.
Service de Cardiologie B et Hémodynamique, Hôpital Cardiologique, Lille, France.