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Postpartum depression: Risks of cognitive impairment and psychopathology in the children

Adele Viguera, MD
Section Editors
Peter P Roy-Byrne, MD
Charles J Lockwood, MD, MHCM
Deputy Editor
David Solomon, MD


Postpartum depression may be related to cognitive impairment and psychopathology in the offspring [1-4]. It appears that general cognitive performance is impaired, as well as executive functioning, intelligence, and language development. In addition, postpartum depression may be associated with aggressive and antisocial behavior, anxiety, depression, and hyperactivity/impulsivity in the offspring. Postnatal depression is also associated with adverse effects upon infant and child development.

This topic reviews the association between postpartum depression and cognitive impairment and psychopathology in the offspring. The association of postnatal depression with abnormal infant and child development is discussed separately, as are the clinical features, assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of postpartum depression:

(See "Postpartum depression: Risks of abnormal child development".)

(See "Postpartum unipolar major depression: Epidemiology, clinical features, assessment, and diagnosis".)

(See "Mild to moderate postpartum unipolar major depression: Treatment".)

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Literature review current through: Dec 2017. | This topic last updated: Nov 09, 2016.
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