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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 147

of 'Post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis'

147
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Low-dose heparin in the prevention of post endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography pancreatitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
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Li S, Cao G, Chen X, Wu T
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Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2012;24(5):477.
 
One of the most frequent and serious complications of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is acute pancreatitis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the preventive effect of low-dose heparin (unfractionated or low-molecular-weight heparin) on post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) and its side-effects by a systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials. Searching PubMed and EMBASE, up to August 2011, two independent reviewers systematically identified prospective clinical trials detecting the effect of prophylactic low-dose heparin on the incidence of PEP, severe PEP, and post-ERCP hemorrhage complications. Four clinical trials fulfilled our selection criteria, with three prospective randomized and one nonrandomized. A meta-analysis of these clinical trials was then performed. A total of 1438 patients were included. Meta-analysis of these trials indicated that there was no significant association between the use of heparin and the reduction of PEP [relative risk (RR) 0.67, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.44-1.03, P=0.07]and severe PEP (RR 0.62, 95% CI: 0.15-2.60, P=0.51). However, low-dose heparin did not increase the incidence of post-ERCP hemorrhage complications (RR 0.84, 95% CI: 0.34-2.03, P=0.69). This meta-analysis did not demonstrate a statistically significant benefit of prophylactic heparin use for the prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis. More multicenter trials involving a larger number of patients are needed to show a possible prevention effect of PEP from heparin and its related compounds.
AD
Department of General Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, People's Republic of China.
PMID