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Placement and maintenance of the peritoneal dialysis catheter

Jean L Holley, MD, FACP
Section Editor
Thomas A Golper, MD
Deputy Editors
Alice M Sheridan, MD
Wenliang Chen, MD, PhD


The main function of a peritoneal dialysis catheter is to permit consistent, bidirectional flow of dialysate without extraordinary effort or undue discomfort [1]. The catheter's function depends upon its design, implantation site, and the configuration of the system used to perform dialysis exchanges.

The principles governing the choice, placement, and maintenance of a peritoneal dialysis catheter are reviewed here. Other aspects of using a peritoneal dialysis catheter are discussed elsewhere, including:

Noninfectious complications of peritoneal dialysis catheters (see "Noninfectious complications of peritoneal dialysis catheters")

Catheter exit-site infection (see "Tunnel and peritoneal catheter exit site infections in continuous peritoneal dialysis")

Urgent-start peritoneal dialysis (see "Urgent-start peritoneal dialysis")

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: Oct 02, 2017.
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