Medline ® Abstract for Reference 9
of 'Physical examination of the knee'
Peroneal nerve: Normal anatomy and pathologic findings on routine MRI of the knee.
Van den Bergh FR, Vanhoenacker FM, De Smet E, Huysse W, Verstraete KL
Insights Imaging. 2013;4(3):287. Epub 2013 May 25.
BACKGROUND: Peroneal nerve lesions are not common and are often exclusively assessed clinically and electromyographically.
METHODS: On a routine MR examination without dedicated MR-neurography sequences the peroneal nerve can readily be assessed. Axial T1-weighted sequences are especially helpful as they allow a good differentiation between the nerve and the surrounding fat.
RESULTS: The purpose of this article is to review the normal anatomy and pathologic conditions of the peroneal nerve around the knee.
CONCLUSION: In the first part the variable anatomy of the peroneal nerve around the knee will be emphasized, followed by a discussion of the clinical findings of peroneal neuropathy and general MR signs of denervation. Six anatomical features may predispose to peroneal neuropathy: paucity of epineural tissue, biceps femoris tunnel, bifurcation level, superficial course around the fibula, fibular tunnel and finally the additional nerve branches. In thesecond part we discuss the different pathologic conditions: accidental and surgical trauma, and intraneural and extraneural compressive lesions. TEACHING POINTS :•Six anatomical features contribute to the vulnerability of the peroneal nerve around the knee.•MR signs of muscle denervation within the anterior compartment are important secondary signs for evaluation of the peroneal nerve.•The most common lesions of the peroneal nerve are traumatic or compressive.•Intraneural ganglia originate from the proximal tibiofibular joint.•Axial T1-weighted images are the best sequence to visualise the peroneal nerve on routine MRI.
Department of Radiology, AZ Sint-Maarten Duffel-Mechelen, campus Duffel, Rooienberg 25, 2570, Duffel, Belgium.