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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 8

of 'Physical examination of the knee'

The semimembranosus-tibial collateral ligament bursa. Anatomical study and magnetic resonance imaging.
Hennigan SP, Schneck CD, Mesgarzadeh M, Clancy M
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1994;76(9):1322.
A bursa that was deep to the tibial collateral ligament and adjacent to the semimembranosus tendon was studied in fifty cadaveric knees; a vinyl solution was injected into four of the specimens in order to facilitate a study of the relationship between the bursa and its surrounding structures. The bursa had the shape of an inverted U: the superficial arm was an elliptical pocket that was located between the semimembranosus tendon and the tibial collateral ligament, and the deep arm was a triangular pocket that was located between the semimembranosus tendon and the medial tibial condyle. The bursa measured, on the average, twenty-one millimeters in its greatest anteroposterior dimension and ten millimeters in its greatest superoinferior dimension. Magnetic resonance images were made of two patients, and they showed fluid in the bursa.
Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Temple University School of Medicine and Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19140.