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Personalized medicine

Author
Benjamin A Raby, MD, MPH
Section Editor
Anne Slavotinek, MBBS, PhD
Deputy Editor
Jennifer S Tirnauer, MD

INTRODUCTION

With the rapid pace of progress in the fields of biotechnology, genetics, and genomics, molecular genetic profiling may soon become an integral tool for clinicians to guide individualized management of many medical conditions. Personalized medicine (also termed personalized genomics, genomic medicine, or precision medicine) refers to the application of patient-specific profiles, incorporating genetic and genomic data as well as clinical and environmental factors, to assess individual risks and tailor prevention and disease-management strategies.

This topic will review the current state of personalized medicine and the challenges and obstacles confronted in the broad implementation of genomics in the clinic.

The principles and techniques that underlie these tests, and counseling for genetic testing, are discussed separately.

(See "Tools for genetics and genomics: Gene expression profiling".)

(See "Principles and clinical applications of next-generation DNA sequencing".)

              

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Literature review current through: Nov 2016. | This topic last updated: Wed Apr 06 00:00:00 GMT 2016.
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