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Medline ® Abstracts for References 5,6

of 'Perioral (periorificial) dermatitis'

Periorificial dermatitis in children and adolescents.
Nguyen V, Eichenfield LF
J Am Acad Dermatol. 2006;55(5):781. Epub 2006 Aug 21.
BACKGROUND: There has been very little evaluation of the history, morphology, or disease course of perioral/periorificial dermatitis in children.
OBJECTIVE: We sought to elucidate the clinical manifestations and treatment outcomes in this condition.
METHODS: A retrospective chart review with telephone follow-up was used to study 79 children and adolescents.
RESULTS: Patients ranged from 6 months to 18 years of age. The average duration of the rash at presentation was 8 months. Seventy-two percent had a history of topical, inhaled, or systemic steroid exposure. Seventy percent of patients had perioral involvement, 43% perinasal, and 25% periocular involvement. A perivulvar rash was reported in 1% of patients. Treatment with topical metronidazole was associated with clearing on follow-up examination.
LIMITATIONS: This is a retrospective study without case controls and is subject to interviewer and memory bias.
CONCLUSION: Perioral dermatitis appears at all ages in childhood and adolescence and may be associated with topical corticosteroid use. It may be responsive to topical metronidazole in children and adolescents and is more appropriately termed periorificial dermatitis.
University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, San Diego, California, USA.
Periorificial dermatitis in children: an update and description of a child with striking features.
Kihiczak GG, Cruz MA, Schwartz RA
Int J Dermatol. 2009 Mar;48(3):304-6.
BACKGROUND: Perioral dermatitis is a relatively important and often enigmatic type of eczema.
METHODS: We describe a child with this disorder and review our experience and the literature.
RESULTS: Clinical features of perioral dermatitis in our patient and in many others described elsewhere show a high prevalence of perinasal and periocular involvement alongside perioral findings.
CONCLUSIONS: Perioral dermatitis is more suitably termed periorificial dermatitis.
Dermatology and Pathology, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07103-2714, USA.