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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 76

of 'Pediatric palliative care'

Nutrition support in patients with cancer: what do the data really show?
Klein S, Koretz RL
Nutr Clin Pract. 1994;9(3):91.
Although more than 70 prospective randomized controlled trials have evaluated the use of nutrition support in patients with cancer, the indications for nutrition therapy in this patient population remain controversial. We reviewed the published prospective randomized controlled trials that evaluated clinically important endpoints (morbidity, mortality, and duration of hospitalization). Many trials had serious shortcomings in study design that limit the ability to draw definitive conclusions from the data. In general, the data failed to demonstrate the clinical efficacy of providing nutrition support to most patients with cancer. Therefore, the indications for using nutrition therapy should be the same as those for patients with benign disease.