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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 37

of 'Pediatric palliative care'

Spiritual beliefs may affect outcome of bereavement: prospective study.
Walsh K, King M, Jones L, Tookman A, Blizard R
BMJ. 2002;324(7353):1551.
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relation between spiritual beliefs and resolution of bereavement.
DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of people about to be bereaved with follow up continuing for 14 months after the death.
SETTING: A Marie Curie centre for specialist palliative care in London.
PARTICIPANTS: 135 relatives and close friends of patients admitted to the centre with terminal illness.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Core bereavement items, a standardised measure of grief, measured 1, 9, and 14 months after the patients' death.
RESULTS: People reporting no spiritual belief had not resolved their grief by 14 months after the death. Participants with strong spiritual beliefs resolved their grief progressively over the sameperiod. People with low levels of belief showed little change in the first nine months but thereafter resolved their grief. These differences approached significance in a repeated measures analysis of variance (F=2.42, P=0.058). Strength of spiritual belief remained an important predictor after the explanatory power of relevant confounding variables was controlled for. At 14 months the difference between the group with no beliefs and the combined low and high belief groups was 7.30 (95% confidence interval 0.86 to 13.73) points on the core bereavement items scale. Adjusting for confounders in the final model reduced this difference to 4.64 (1.04 to 10.32) points.
CONCLUSION: People who profess stronger spiritual beliefs seem to resolve their grief more rapidly and completely after the death of a close person than do people with no spiritual beliefs.
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Science, Royal Free Campus, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London NW3 2PF.