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Pectus excavatum: Etiology and evaluation

Author
Oscar H Mayer, MD
Section Editor
Gregory Redding, MD
Deputy Editor
Alison G Hoppin, MD

INTRODUCTION

Pectus excavatum (PE), or "funnel chest," is a deformity of the chest wall characterized by a sternal depression typically beginning over the midportion of the manubrium and progressing inward through the xiphoid process (picture 1).

The clinical significance of PE depends on three issues:

Severity of the chest wall defect

Cardiopulmonary morbidity

Psychosocial impact of the defect, and its appearance on the patient

              

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Literature review current through: Nov 2016. | This topic last updated: Thu Dec 17 00:00:00 GMT+00:00 2015.
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