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Overview of secondary prevention of ischemic stroke

Authors
Karen L Furie, MD, MPH
Natalia S Rost, MD, MPH
Section Editor
Scott E Kasner, MD
Deputy Editor
John F Dashe, MD, PhD

INTRODUCTION

The management of treatable risk factors and common mechanisms of brain ischemia is important for reducing the risk of ischemic stroke. This topic will review the risk factors for stroke, with a focus on secondary prevention in patients who have a history of transient ischemic attack or ischemic stroke, or are considered to have a high risk of ischemic stroke due to the presence of coronary heart disease or diabetes.

Risk factors for hemorrhagic stroke are reviewed elsewhere. (See "Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage: Pathogenesis, clinical features, and diagnosis", section on 'Risk factors' and "Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: Epidemiology, risk factors, and pathogenesis", section on 'Risk factors'.)

The role of primary prevention for cardiovascular disease, including stroke, is discussed separately. (See "Overview of primary prevention of coronary heart disease and stroke".)

RISK FACTORS AND MECHANISMS

The major modifiable risk factors for stroke are the following [1-4]:

Hypertension

                         

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Literature review current through: Nov 2016. | This topic last updated: Thu Sep 01 00:00:00 GMT+00:00 2016.
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