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Overview of possible risk factors for cardiovascular disease

Peter WF Wilson, MD
Section Editor
Christopher P Cannon, MD
Deputy Editors
Howard Libman, MD, FACP
Brian C Downey, MD, FACC


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is common in the general population, affecting the majority of adults past the age of 60 years. As a diagnostic category, CVD includes four major areas:

Coronary heart disease (CHD), manifested by myocardial infarction (MI), angina pectoris, heart failure, and coronary death

Cerebrovascular disease, manifested by stroke and transient ischemic attack

Peripheral artery disease, manifested by intermittent claudication

Aortic atherosclerosis and thoracic or abdominal aortic aneurysm

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Literature review current through: Dec 2017. | This topic last updated: Nov 28, 2017.
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