Medline ® Abstract for Reference 75
of 'Overview of neurologic complications of non-platinum cancer chemotherapy'
Neurophysiological study of peripheral neuropathy after high-dose Paclitaxel: lack of neuroprotective effect of amifostine.
Openshaw H, Beamon K, Synold TW, Longmate J, Slatkin NE, Doroshow JH, Forman S, Margolin K, Morgan R, Shibata S, Somlo G
Clin Cancer Res. 2004;10(2):461.
PURPOSE: To determine if there is a beneficial effect of amifostine in preventing or reducing the neuropathy induced by high-dose paclitaxel.
METHODS: Breast cancer patients receiving high-dose infusional paclitaxel (725 mg/m(2)/24 h) in combination with doxorubicin (165 mg/m(2)/96 h) and cyclophosphamide (100 mg/kg/2 h; ACT) were studied on two autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplant protocols, one with and one without amifostine (740 mg/m(2) administered over 10 min before and 12 h after initiation of the paclitaxel infusion). Patients were evaluated before ACT and 20-40 days later with neurological examination, a composite peripheral neuropathy score, peroneal and sural nerve conduction studies, and quantitative sensory testing.
RESULTS: There was no significant difference in paclitaxel maximum concentration, systemic clearance, or area under the curve determinations. Narcotic requirement as well as recovery of hematopoietic counts were also similar in subjects with or without amifostine. After ACT wasadministered, there was a decrease in peroneal nerve compound muscle action potential amplitude and sural nerve sensory action potential amplitude, as well as an increase in vibratory and cold detection thresholds. Clinical composite peripheral neuropathy scores were similar despite amifostine treatment; and logarithm to the base 2 ratios post/pre ACT showed no significant effect of amifostine on peroneal nerve compound muscle action potential, sural nerve sensory action potential, vibratory detection thresholds, or cold detection thresholds. All subjects had acroparesthesias and lost their ankle deep-tendon reflexes after administration of ACT.
CONCLUSIONS: Single high-dose paclitaxel produces predictable clinical and neurophysiological changes so that patients receiving high-dose therapy are ideal subjects to test the effectiveness of neuroprotective agents. Amifostine was ineffective in preventing or reducing the neurotoxicity of high-dose paclitaxel.
Department of Neurology, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California 91010, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org