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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 123

of 'Overview of neurologic complications of non-platinum cancer chemotherapy'

Potentiation of vincristine toxicity with concomitant fluconazole prophylaxis in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
Teusink AC, Ragucci D, Shatat IF, Kalpatthi R
Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2012;29(1):62.
Use of azole antifungals as prophylaxis is becoming an increasingly common practice in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Limited literature in adults heightened the awareness of possible increased vincristine (VCR) toxicity in patients receiving concomitant azole therapy. This is due to inhibition of cytochrome P450 3A4, which may increase overall exposure to VCR, resulting in dose reductions or omissions. The primary objective of this study was to determine whether the use of fluconazole prophylaxis increases vincristine toxicity in children with ALL. The authors retrospectively evaluated children with ALL between January 2004 and December 2009. Patients were subdivided into 2 groups based on whether or not they received fluconazole prophylaxis during induction therapy. Data were collected for up to 3 months following the completion of induction therapy. Thirty-one patients were included for analysis. There was no significant difference in gender, race, steroid use, gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity, VCR dose modification, and the rate of fungal or bacterial infections between these 2 groups. Only advanced age is an independent predictor of neuropathy. Patients receiving fluconazole were 4.5 times more likely to experience neuropathy than those not receiving azole; however, this was not statistically significant. The authors report an increased incidence of VCR toxicity in patientswith ALL receiving concomitant fluconazole prophylaxis. Judicious use of azole antifungals is warranted in children with ALL.
Department of Pharmacy, Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.