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Overview of intestinal ischemia in adults

Authors
David A Tendler, MD
J Thomas Lamont, MD
Section Editors
John F Eidt, MD
Joseph L Mills, Sr, MD
Deputy Editor
Kathryn A Collins, MD, PhD, FACS

INTRODUCTION

Intestinal ischemia, which can affect the small or large intestine, can be caused by any process that reduces intestinal blood flow, such as arterial occlusion, venous occlusion, or arterial vasospasm. For patients with acute symptoms, a rapid diagnosis is imperative since the clinical consequences can be catastrophic, including sepsis, bowel infarction, and death.

An overview of intestinal ischemia and differentiation of the various forms of intestinal ischemia are reviewed here. Specific etiologies of intestinal ischemia are reviewed in more detail elsewhere.

(See "Chronic mesenteric ischemia".)

(See "Nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia".)

(See "Mesenteric venous thrombosis in adults".)

                                 

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Literature review current through: Feb 2015. | This topic last updated: Oct 22, 2014.
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