Official reprint from UpToDate®
www.uptodate.com ©2018 UpToDate, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Medline ® Abstract for Reference 23

of 'Overview of heavy proteinuria and the nephrotic syndrome'

Complications of the nephrotic syndrome and their treatment.
Crew RJ, Radhakrishnan J, Appel G
Clin Nephrol. 2004;62(4):245.
The nephrotic syndrome occurs in association with a diverse array of primary and secondary glomerular disorders. Despite the different etiologies, many of the clinical effects are similar. This review focuses on the pathogenesis and treatment of edema formation, hyperlipidemia, and the hypercoagulable state. Major abnormalities of the endocrine system and evidence of erythropoietin deficiency will be reviewed. Finally, non-specific treatments aimed at reducing proteinuria will also be discussed.
Division of Nephrology, Presbyterian Hospital 4-124, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, 622 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA. rc395@columbia.edu