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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 32

of 'Overview of cancer pain syndromes'

Leptomeningeal metastases from leukemias and lymphomas.
Nolan CP, Abrey LE
Cancer Treat Res. 2005;125:53.
Leptomeningeal dissemination of lymphoma and leukemia differs from that of solid tumors in a number of clinically important aspects. Specific histologic variants of lymphoma and leukemia have such a high incidence of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) dissemination that assessing CSF cytology at diagnosis is crucial and prophylactic therapy of the CSF compartment is required. Furthermore, while the overall prognosis for patients with leptomeningeal metastases from leukemia and lymphoma is similar to solid tumors, selected patients have excellent response to therapy and attain durable remission. Therefore, aggressive treatment is warranted.
Department of Neurology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 12745 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA.