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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 145

of 'Oral toxicity associated with chemotherapy'

145
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A phase II study of sunitinib in Japanese patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma: insights into the treatment, efficacy and safety.
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Uemura H, Shinohara N, Yuasa T, Tomita Y, Fujimoto H, Niwakawa M, Mugiya S, Miki T, Nonomura N, Takahashi M, Hasegawa Y, Agata N, Houk B, Naito S, Akaza H
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Jpn J Clin Oncol. 2010 Mar;40(3):194-202. Epub 2009 Nov 7.
 
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the efficacy and safety of sunitinib in Japanese patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC).
METHODS: Fifty-one Japanese patients with prior nephrectomy, 25 treatment-naive patients (first-line group) and 26 cytokine-refractory patients (pretreated group) were enrolled in this phase II trial. Patients received sunitinib 50 mg orally, once daily, in repeated 6-week cycles (4 weeks on treatment, 2 weeks off). The primary endpoint was RECIST-defined objective response rate (ORR) with tumour assessments every 6 weeks via computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. Toxicity was assessed regularly. In the primary efficacy analysis of the intent-to-treat (ITT) population, ORR and 95% confidence interval were calculated based on independent review. Secondary time-to-event endpoints, such as progression-free survival (PFS), were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.
RESULTS: In the ITT population, ORR was 48.0% in the first-line group (after a median 4 cycles), 46.2% in the pretreated group (5 cycles) and 47.1% overall, with median times to tumour response of 7.1, 10.7 and 10.0 weeks, respectively. Median PFS was 46.0, 33.6 and 46.0 weeks, respectively. The most common treatment-related grade 3/4 adverse events and laboratory abnormalities were fatigue (20%), hand-foot syndrome (14%) and hypertension (12%), decreased platelet count (55%), decreased neutrophil count (51%), increased lipase (39%) and decreased lymphocyte count (33%).
CONCLUSIONS: In Japanese patients with RCC, sunitinib is consistently effective and tolerable with similar risk/benefit as that in Western patients, though there was a trend toward greater antitumour efficacy and higher incidence of haematological adverse events in Japanese patients.
AD
Department of Urology, University of Tsukuba, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, Tsukuba 305-8576, Japan.
PMID