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Opioid withdrawal in adolescents

Author
Shan Yin, MD, MPH
Section Editor
Michele M Burns, MD, MPH
Deputy Editor
James F Wiley, II, MD, MPH

INTRODUCTION

Opioids have analgesic and central nervous system (CNS) depressant effects and the potential to cause euphoria. Morphine is the prototypic opioid. Heroin is a derivative of morphine and is a commonly abused opioid.

Opioids are effective in the treatment of acute and chronic pain as analgesics and sedatives and as anesthetic agents. They have the potential to be abused for these effects and the associated feeling of euphoria.

The epidemiology, pharmacology, clinical manifestations, and management of opioid withdrawal in adolescents are reviewed here. Opioid withdrawal in the neonate; acute opioid intoxication in children and adolescents; and opioid abuse, intoxication, withdrawal, and treatment in adults are discussed separately:

(See "Neonatal abstinence syndrome".)

(See "Opioid use disorder: Epidemiology, pharmacology, clinical manifestations, course, screening, assessment, and diagnosis".)

                          

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Literature review current through: Nov 2016. | This topic last updated: Mon Jul 25 00:00:00 GMT+00:00 2016.
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