Diet and physical activity are critically important in the treatment of type 1 diabetes. Basic principles of nutritional management, however, are often poorly understood, by both clinicians and their patients.
The nutrition prescription for patients with type 1 diabetes should aim to optimally manage the "ABCs" of diabetes control: glycated hemoglobin (A1C), blood pressure and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol. The prescription must also be tailored for the individual patient to address diabetes complications and other concomitant conditions. The nutritional goals for people with type 1 diabetes are to:
●Maintain as near-normal blood glucose levels as possible, by integrating insulin therapy into each individual's diet and physical activity patterns.
●Achieve optimal blood pressure and lipid levels.
●Provide adequate calories for achieving and maintaining a reasonable body weight, normal growth, and development.