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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 122

of 'Nonsurgical therapies for localized hepatocellular carcinoma: Radiofrequency ablation, percutaneous ethanol injection, thermal ablation, and cryoablation'

Australian experience of cryoablation of liver tumors: metastases.
Morris DL, Ross WB
Surg Oncol Clin N Am. 1996;5(2):391.
The authors' clinical experience of treating almost exclusively inoperable liver malignancy in 149 patients by cryotherapy is reviewed. There was only one 30-day death; morbidity was modest. Postoperative carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) changes were extremely predictive of outcome in patients with liver metastases from colorectal cancer. For the group in which CEA levels returned to the normal range, median survival exceeded 1000 days. In addition, the authors reported encouraging results with cryotherapy as an adjunct to resection.
Department of Surgery, University of New South Wales, Faculty of Medicine, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.