Medline ® Abstract for Reference 17
of 'Nocturnal enuresis in children: Management'
Arousal training for children suffering from nocturnal enuresis: a 2 1/2 year follow-up.
van Londen A, van Londen-Barentsen MW, van Son MJ, Mulder GA
Behav Res Ther. 1993;31(6):613.
Arousal Training is a fast, simple, and effective form of bibliotherapy for nocturnal enuresis with non-clinical children between 6 and 12 years of age. The parents act as therapists. They reward the operant behavior-pattern following the urine alarm. The success rate is 98% (N = 41), which is significantly high when compared to the control conditions (79%, N = 86). There was a response rate of 100% and no drop-out from therapy. All parents (N = 127) completed and returned the record. The results of a follow-up of this bibliotherapy (N = 113) 2 1/2 years later are presented. The success rate of Arousal Training was still significantly higher (92% continent) when compared to the urine device with specific instructions (77%) and urine alarm only (72%). Arousal Training is the treatment of choice for non-clinical enuretic children between 6 and 12 years of age.
Department of Child Studies, University Utrecht, The Netherlands.