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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 27

of 'Nocturnal enuresis in children: Etiology and evaluation'

27
TI
Neuromotor development in nocturnal enuresis.
AU
von Gontard A, Freitag CM, Seifen S, Pukrop R, Röhling D
SO
Dev Med Child Neurol. 2006;48(9):744.
 
In children with nocturnal enuresis, a higher rate of minor neurological dysfunction has been found. The aim of this study was to assess timed performance (a measure of motor performance speed) and associated movements using a standardized and reliable instrument. The motor function of 37 children with nocturnal enuresis (27 males, 10 females; mean age 10y 7mo [SD 1y 10mo]; age range 8y-14y 8mo) and 40 comparison children without enuresis (17 males, 23 females; mean age 10y 7mo [SD 1y 6mo]; age range 8y-14y 8mo) was assessed using the Zurich Neuromotor Assessment. Children with nocturnal enuresis showed a slower motor performance than comparison children, particularly for repetitive hand and finger movements. This study provides evidence for a maturational deficit in motor performance in children with nocturnal enuresis. In addition to a maturational deficit of the brainstem, it is proposed that there is a possible maturational deficit of the motor cortex circuitry and related cortical areas in children with nocturnal enuresis.
AD
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Saarland University Hospital, Homburg (Saar), Germany. alexander.von.gontard@uniklinikum-saarland.de
PMID